Khadi is hand (home) spun and hand (home) woven cloth. It can be cotton, silk or wool. Khadi is the cloth- and home-industry that M. K. Gandhi, during the independence-war, fiercely protected against the cheaper, imported cloth from England (the world's textile giant of the time and coloniser of India). "Mahatma Gandhi began promoting the spinning of khadi for rural self-employment and self-reliance in 1920s India, thus making khadi an integral part and icon of the Swadeshi movement. The freedom struggle revolved around the use of khadi fabrics and the dumping of foreign-made clothes. Thus it symbolized the political ideas and independence itself, and to this day most politicians in India are seen only in khadi clothing. The khadi fabric is slowly disappearing in India if it were not for a few innovative designers who try to give it a new life. They come up with new colours and weaves. Khadi can take on many different looks."